The Presentation of Jesus at the Temple. Click to learn more.
The Finding in the Temple. Click to learn more.
The Visitation. Click to learn more.
Christ the Worker. Click to learn more.
THE PORTAL OF FAITH
This part of the portico is devoted to the theological virtue of faith and to Mary.
THE SHEAF OF WHEAT
The Portal of Faith is crowned by a sheaf of wheat, a symbol for the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist instituted by Jesus before the Passion: 'And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.' (Lk 22:19)
Wheat, either in sheaves or in the Holy Host, is also present in other places within the temple, mainly at the top of the exterior windows in the central naves.
An eye looks out from the palm of a right hand (Dextera Dei), surrounded by a halo. The image symbolizes Divine Providence. Its extent is conveyed with the following words from Jesus to his twelve disciples: 'Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father.' (Mt 10:29)
The architect of the Sagrada Família, Antoni Gaudí, showed absolute faith in Divine Providence.
THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION
A female figure with long hair and an unfathomable gaze crosses her arms across her chest. One of her feet effortlessly steps on the serpent that is coiled around the globe. This allegorical image tells us that Evil has no power over Mary, the new Eve.
Pius IX defined the Immaculate Conception of Mary as Dogma in 1854, twenty-eight years before construction of the Sagrada Família began.
THE PRESENTATION OF JESUS AT THE TEMPLE
In obedience to the Law of Moses, Mary and Joseph have gone to Jerusalem to perform the purification rites after childbirth and the redemption of the firstborn. The figure holding Jesus in his arms is the elder Simeon, to whom the Holy Spirit had revealed that he would not die until he had seen the Messiah. Behind him stands Anna the Prophetess.
THE FINDING IN THE TEMPLE
Joseph and Mary gaze at their child in awe. At the age of twelve, his knowledge of the Law is already equal to that of the doctors. They have just found him in the temple in Jerusalem after seeking him for three days among their friends and relatives in the caravan returning from Nazareth. They had gone to Jerusalem to celebrate Passover.
The figures of John the Baptist and his father, the priest Zechariah, are set at either side, flanking the main scene.
Mary has left Nazareth to visit her relative Elizabeth. The archangel Gabriel has announced to her that Elizabeth, despite being old and barren, has also conceived. Elizabeth receives Mary with the following words: 'Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.' (Lk 1:42) The child that Elizabeth is expecting will be known as John the Baptist, the Forerunner of Jesus.
Elizabeth's first words to Mary, together with the archangel's greeting, constitute the original core of the Hail Mary. The song of praise to the Lord with which Mary answers Elizabeth is the Magnificat from the Vespers.
CHRIST THE WORKER
Jesus works as a carpenter sitting on his father Joseph's bench. He holds the chisel in his left hand; his right hand is about to bring down the mallet.
Chronologically, this image of an unbearded Messiah is the last in a series of scenes about Jesus' earthly life in the Nativity façade. The series attempts to summarize the years between the end of Jesus' childhood, symbolized by the Finding in the Temple composition, and the beginning of his ministry.